The aim of this document is to ascertain whether the interpretation of the precautionary principle under the WTO Agreement on Health and Plant Health Protection (SPS) strikes the right balance between consumer protection and disguised protectionism. To this end, I present the dispute settlement procedure under the WTO Dispute Settlement Agreement (DSU). The EU`s biotechnology dispute resolution body, joined by the WTO`s dispute settlement body (DSB), will then be analysed to conclude with a brief discussion on the possible consequences of interpreting the precautionary principle under the SPS agreement on the ongoing negotiations on the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership Agreement (PTCI) and on the negotiations on the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (ESGA). . University of Economics, Prague – Faculty of International Relations Keywords: Precautionary Principle, EU Law, WTO Law, SPS Agreement, Dispute Settlement Body, EC-Biotech Dispute International Political Economy: Trade Policy eJournal Subscribe to this royalty review for more articles on law – Society: International – Law eJournal . Nicole Grmelova. (2017) Interpretation of the precautionary principle by the WTO`s dispute resolution body, taking into account the agreement on plant health and protection. In. B.Lohlévek A.J., Rozehnalova N. (note). Czech Directory of International Law, Volume VIII, application and interpretation of residential school ..